Children’s Literature Center
The Library of Congress collection of children’s books and other materials relating to children.
Children’s literature
A body of literature written expressly for children.
Children’s intelligence
The ability of children to acquire and retain concrete and abstract knowledge and understanding to deal with new situations and acquire more knowledge.
Children’s Book Council
A New York City association of children’s book publishers founded in 1945...
Children’s book clubs
Membership organizations similar to adult book clubs but offering selected juvenile and young adult books to their members at prices below those of retail book stores.
Children’s Aid Society
An organization founded in 1853 by philanthropist Charles Loring Brace (1826–90) to provide homeless children in New York City with a lodging house and training in industrial skills.
Children and Their Primary Schools (Plowdon Report)
One of the most influential studies in the modern history of English education and of considerable influence on American public school education.
Child-referenced test
A type of test that compares the child’s knowledge after instruction to what the child knew before.
Child Nutrition Act
A 1966 federal law “to safeguard the health and welfare of the Nation’s children.”
Child labor
The use of minors (in the United States, children under the age of 18) to perform adult work on farms and in factories and mines.
Child Find
An annual census by states and local school districts to locate and evaluate handicapped children under 18, who are either not being served or being served inadequately by their schools.
Child development
The progressive changes in the physical, mental, emotional, functional and behavioral characteristics of children as they mature.
Child-centered education
A theory of education that adapts the curriculum to the needs of the child rather than forcing the child to adapt and learn a prescribed curriculum.
Child benefit theory
A legal doctrine that emerged from a series of U.S. Supreme Court decisions in church-state conflicts.
Child advocates
Organizations and individuals who legally represent or protect children against abuse, neglect or exploitation.
Child abuse
A catch-all crime defined in the U.S. Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (1974) as “the physical or mental injury...
Chicano education
An ill-defined adaptation of the conventional American school curriculum to meet the needs of Spanish-Mexican students and American students of Spanish- Mexican descent.
Chemistry education
An outgrowth of ancient alchemy, chemistry entered modern school curricula in the 18th and early 19th centuries as part of the training required for medicine.
Ezekiel Cheever (1614–1708)
The most renowned of the early colonial teachers and the first to make teaching a full-time job rather than part-time adjunct of ministerial duties.
An organized student activity originally designed to rally vocal spectator support for secondary school and college sports teams.
Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle
An adult education program that grew into one of the most important educational movements in American history...
Charter school
An autonomous public school created and operated by teachers, parents, foundations or profit-making businesses, independently of state and local school boards.
Charles E. Stuart and Others v. School District No. 1 of the Village of Kalamazoo and Others
A precedent-setting case in 1874 that not only established the right of town officials to raise taxes to pay for a public high school...
Charitable giving
A source of nearly $250 billion in revenues a year for educational institutions and a wide variety of other organizations...