Character development
A broad area of education designed to teach students self-discipline, responsibility and good citizenship.
“Chapter 1” (Title 1)
The U.S. government’s main effort to improve basic academic skills of poor children by means of remedial programs in basic subjects.
William Ellery Channing (1780–1842)
American Unitarian clergyman who led the revolt against Puritan/Congregational dominance in U.S. education in 1820 and was a driving force behind the development of universal education.
Channel One
A privately owned television network that began beaming news and current events programs to 8 million students in 12,000 schools in 47 states in 1990.
Usually the president of a university or institution.
A once-ubiquitous, four-foothigh, black or green slate panel affixed to classroom walls to permit teachers (and students) to write instructional materials in chalk for students to copy into their notebooks.
The sequential behavioral process that underlies PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION.
School certification
The legal approval to operate a school.
Professional certification
The licensing, by a state, state-approved agency or professional organization, of teachers, school administrators and other school professionals.
Cerebral palsy
A vague term for nonfatal and nonprogressive brain damage and a wide range of associated symptoms.
Center for Research Libraries
Chicago-based consortium of several hundred university libraries that make their collections available to scholars and researchers through interlibrary loan services.
Center for Educational Renewal
A research organization founded in 1985 to study and improve the education of professional teachers in the United States.
Center for Death Education and Bioethics
A section within the University of Minnesota Department of Sociology which provides educational programs on dealing with death, grief and bereavement.
The alteration, suppression or eradication by governmental or other authorities of materials and ideas they deem inappropriate.
Ceiling budget
A spending plan whose annual percentage increases are limited by law.
James McKeen Cattell (1860–1944)
Pioneer in experimental psychology and psychological testing and editor of five scholarly journals and two biographical directories.
Catholic University of America
The national university of the Catholic Church in America.
Catholic schools
Schools operated by or affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church or its representatives.
Categorical aid
Government funds provided to support a specific type or category of education or educational service, such as remedial education or bus service.
A fixed list of questions demanding rote answers and, where appropriate, explanations.
Catalogs, school and college
A broad range of brochures that usually include “VIEWBOOKS” and COURSE CATALOGS, a booklet of school rules and regulations and a yearbooktype brochure with pictures and backgrounds of school administrators, faculty and staff.
Baldassare Castiglione (1478–1529)
Italian diplomat and writer, whose classic work, Il Cortegiano (The Book of the Courtier, 1528), was one of the basic texts carried to the American colonies by educated English settlers.
Case study
In education, a classical approach to understanding the possible causes of behavior by a student or student groups.
Case history
The confidential file containing a student’s entire school record, including notes by teachers, counselors, school psychologists, administrators and others who have had direct or indirect contacts with the student.