American education » Children’s intelligence

Published: 12-04-2011, 12:40

Children’s intelligence

The ability of children to acquire and retain concrete and abstract knowledge and understanding to deal with new situations and acquire more knowledge. French psychologist Alfred Binet was first to define children’s intelligence in 1905, when the French government asked him and Theodore Simon to develop a test that would identify children too mentally retarded to benefit from normal school programs. The result was the first children’s intelligence test, with a scale of 30 characteristics that distinguished between idiocy, imbecility and moronity.
Administered on an individual basis, the test was eventually adapted for use with all children and included verbal and pictorial problems and questions that measured vocabulary and understanding of social and other situations. In 1916 and again in 1937, LEWIS TERMAN revised the test to take age-associated child development into consideration. The result was the STANFORD-BINET INTELLIGENCE TEST and, subsequently, the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, which can be administered to groups and yields scores representing the ratio of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100—namely, the Intelligence Quotient, or I.Q.
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