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Published: July 4, 2011

Irving School District v. Tatro

A 1984 U.S. Supreme Court decision that public school districts were obligated by the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 to render quasi-medical services to handicapped students. The case involved the Irving, Texas, school system’s refusal to insert a catheter twice daily to remove the urine of a young girl with spina bifida. The girl was too young to do so herself. The district claimed the law guaranteed disabled children only “free appropriate education” and nonmedical “related services,” but the Court held that the procedure was no more difficult than any other performed by a school nurse during a routine day.