Book of Common Prayer - American EducationA book of rites and ceremonies constituting the official liturgy of the Church of England. The original Book of Common Prayer (1549) also established a uniform system of instruction to be conducted by the clergy throughout the realm. Besides rites and ceremonies, the Book of Common Prayer included an authorized catechism, an authorized book of homilies and an authorized primer. The Long Parliament of the 1640s ended its use, but Charles II restored it to official use in 1660. Although unacceptable to the Puritans of New England, it was a part of the curriculum in Virginia and in other colonies where the Church of England predominated.