Princeton plan - American Education
A school desegregation plan that pairs two nearby racially imbalanced schools and redistributes the student population to achieve integration in both. Developed to combat de facto segregation of the North rather than de jure segregation of the South, the plan originated in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1948, six years before the U.S. Supreme Court issued its first declaration ordering racial desegregation of American public schools. Under the scheme, all students in kindergarten and grades one, two and three attend one school, while all fourth, fifth and sixth graders attend the other. Most effective in ending racial segregation in smaller rural and suburban areas, the plan was widely implemented throughout the northern United States, with success largely dependent on the distances and ease or difficulty of travel between the paired schools.